Tag Archives: telugu

The Food List – The Indian Language versions

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One of the biggest problems I faced when learning to cook, and later while blogging, is Language.

I was always more familiar with the English Language. When I learnt to cook, it was with the Telugu names. So it used to be quite confusing for me while shopping and blogging, to tally up the name I’d learnt. Every blog invariably meant a quick search on the internet for alternative names, just to get my recipe across.

Found this list on some website. Made some changes to update it. Please comment to help me update this list. Also I may be familiar with some terms, but definitly not with all.

So please help me make this list more comprehensive. 🙂

Spices
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Aamchur Dried mango powder Maangai thool
Ajmud Celery seed
Ajwain Oregano  Vamu
Kacha Karpoor Borneo-Camphor Pacha Karpooram Cheen Karpooram
Dalchini Cinnamon Pattai  dalchini chakka/  patta
Dhania Coriander Kothamalli Dhaniyalu Korthambari
Elaichi Cardamom Ellakaai Ellakai Elathari
Haldi Turmeric Manjal Pasupu Anashina
Hing Asafoetida Perungayam Inguva Hingu
Jaiphal Nutmeg Jaathikaai Jajikayi Jaijkai
Jeera Cumin Seeragam Jilakara Jeerake
Kali mirch Pepper Milagu Miriyalu
Kalonji Onion seed
Kesar Saffron Kunkuma Poo
Khus khus Poppy seeds Kasa Kasa  gasagasalu
Lal mirch Red chilis Milakai Thool Erra Mirpakaya
Lavang Cloves Kirambu Lavangalu Krambu
Methi Fenugreek Vaendhayam  Menthulu
Mirchi Chilis Milagai Mirapakaya Molaku
Sarson Mustard Seeds Kadugu Avalu
Saunf Fennel Soombhu  sompu
Vegetables & Fruits        
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Aam Mango Maangai Maamidi
Adrak Ginger Inji Allum Shunti
Aloo Potato Uralai Kilangu Alugadda
Amrud Guava Koiya Palam Jampandu
Ananas Pineapple Annachi Palam Panasapandu
Anar Pomegranate Madhulai  danima
Angoor Grapes Dhiratchai Dhraksha
Baingan Eggplant/Brinjal KathiriKaai Vankaya
Bhindi Lady’s finger/Okra Vendakaai Bendakaya
Gajar Carrot Carrot Gajar
Gobi Cauliflower Cauliflower Gobi
Kakari Cucumber Velarikaai Dosakaya
Kaddu Pumpkin PoosiniKaai Boppaspandu
Kela Banana Vaazhai Palam Aritipandu
Lahsun Garlic Poondu Vellulli
Matar Peas Pataani Batani
Mooli Radish Mulanki Mullangi
Nariyal Coconut Thaengai Kobbari
Nimbu Lemon Yaelumichai Nimmakaya
Palak Spinach Keerai Palakura
Papita Papaya Papaali bopasapandu
Piaz Onions Vaengayam Ulligadda
Sev Apple Apple
Tamatar Tomato Thakaali Tamata
Herbs        
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Tulsi Basil Tulsi
Hara dhania Coriander leaves Kothumalli Thalai Kothmeer
Pudina Mint Pudhina
Tej Patta Bay leaf Biryani aaku
Nuts        
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Akhrot Walnuts
Badam Almonds Badam Badam Badam
Kismis Raisins Kismis
Kaju Cashewnuts Mundhiri Parupu Jeedi Pappu Geru Beena
Moongphali Ground nuts Vaer Kadalai Palli
Flours        
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Atta Wheat flour Godhumai Maavu Godhuma Pindi Godhi hittu
Besan Chick pea flour Kadalai Maavu Senaga Pindi Kadale hittu
Maida All Purpose Flour Maida Maavi Maida Pindi Godhi hittu
Pulses and Grains        
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Bajra Millet
Channa Chick peas Kodai Kadalai Cenagalu
Channa dal Split chick peas Kadalai Paruppu Cenagapappu
Chawal Rice Arrisi Bhiyam Akki
Dal Pulses Paruppu Pappu bele
Gehun Wheat Godhumai Godhumapindi
Jowar Barley Jonna
Kabuli Chana White Chick Peas Kondai Kadalai Kabuli cenagalu
Masoor dal Red lentils
Moong dal Green Gram Paasi Paruppu Pesara Pappu Hesar Bele
Rajma Red Kidney beans
Toor dal Pigeon peas Thoovaram Paruppu Kandipappu
Urad dal Black gram Ulundhu Paruppu Minappa Pappu Udina bele
Dairy Products        
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Chaas ButterMilk More Majjiga
Dahi Yoghurt Thayir Perugu
Doodh Milk Paal Paalu
Ghee Clarified butter Nyei Neyyi
Malai Cream Paal Aadai Meegada
Makhan Butter Vaenai Venna
Mawa Thickened Milk Paal kova
Paneer Cottage cheese
Miscellaneous        
Hindi English Tamil Telugu Kannada
Achar Pickles Oorugaai Oragaya/ pachadi
Chini Sugar Sarkarai Panchadhara
Gur Jaggery/Brown Sugar Karumbu Sarkarai Bellam
Imli Tamarind Puli Chintapandu
Madhu Honey Thaen Thena
Masala Spices
Namak Salt Uppu Uppu
Sooji Semolina Ravai Rawa Rawa
Tel Oil Ennai Nooni

Ponnaganti Aaku Kura

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I heard about this leafy vegetable only after I got married. Ponnaganti aaku (water amaranth) is found in Hyderabad, but not in Bangalore. So we normally end up getting our stock during this month alone (Aug-Sept).

This is surprising given that in one blog i read that the water amaranth has been labelled as a “noxious weed” by the USDA on grounds that it grows, and grows and grows!!! So how come it doesnt grow near my place? 😉

Ponnaganti aaku is very benefial to health. When cooked with toor dal (kandi pappu), it helps gain weight, but when made into a boiled vegetable, it helps lose weight. This is the only vegetable with this property.

As I only know the method using toor dal.

Ingedients:
1 bunch of ponnaganti aaku (water amaranth)
1/2 cup toor dal (kandi pappu)
1/4 fresh coconut, dessicated
1/2 tsp turmeric
1/2 tsp chilli powder
Salt to taste

Tadka:
1 tsp each of Urad dal, mustard seeds, and jeers (cumin seeds), 1 red chilli

Method:

  • Wash the leaves, drain, chop the leaves and set aside.
  • In a vessel, cook the dal with 1/2 – 3/4 cup water.
  • When the dal is half-done, add the chopped leaves to the dal. Ensure that the dal does not get mashed, and retains its shpes even after the leaves are cooked.
  • Add the salt, turmeric and chilli powder and mix well.
  • Cook till all the water has evaporated, and the vegetable is dry.
  • In a wok, heat some oil and add the tadka.
  • Once the seeds start popping and the urad dal starts turning brown, add to the vegetable and mix well.
  • Cook for another minute.
  • Add the dessicated coconut.
  • Mix well, and keep on cooking till the cocnut loses its raw colour and smell, and the vegatble is dry.

Serve hot with rice or chapatis.